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Bacterial and fungal infections occur and are best treated with arthroscopic aspiration and synovial biopsy followed by washout and irrigation, then appropriate antibiotic therapy (33).

Stutz G et al (34) published a series of 78 infected joints, being able to cure 91% of them with arthroscopy and IV antibiotics alone.

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(33) Ferkel R D ‘Arthroscopic Surgery, The Foot and Ankle’ Lipincott Raven 1996. 140-141
(34) Stutz G, Kuster M S, Kleinst’ck F, G’chter A, ‘Arthroscopic management of septic arthritis: stages of infection and results’ Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthrocsopy: official journal of the ESSKA 2000; 8:5; 270-4